this parallel, we will study the fourth event in the ministry of Jesus that the
Spirit of Prophecy states has a parallel with
the second advent movement. Mark gives us this account of the event: “On
reaching Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple area and began driving out
those who were buying and selling there.
He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those
selling doves, and would not allow anyone to carry merchandise through the
temple courts. And as he taught them, he
said, ‘Is it not written: “My house will be called a
house of prayer for all nations”? But
you have made it “a den of robbers.” ’ The chief priests and the teachers of
the law heard this and began looking for a way to kill him
. . . .” Mark 11:15–18, NIV.
The Spirit of
Prophecy gives the following appraisal of the situation: “At the close of His
[Jesus’] mission He came again to the temple, and found it still desecrated as
before. The condition of things was even
worse than before.” The
Desire of Ages, 589.
It is clear
from this statement that the ministry of Jesus had no positive effect on the
attitude of the priests, rulers, and people.
The condition of the church was even worse at the close of His ministry. “In place of humble repentance of sin, they
had multiplied the sacrifice of beasts . . . . He knew that His blood, so soon to be shed
for the sins of the world, would be as little appreciated by the priests and
elders as was the blood of beasts which they kept incessantly flowing.” Ibid., 590.
The priests and elders had no concept of
Jesus’ mission to cleanse the heart from sin through the shedding of His
blood. They did not perceive the deep
spiritual significance of the sacrificial system they themselves were
“He knew that
His efforts to reform a corrupt priesthood would be in vain; nevertheless His
work must be done; to an unbelieving people the evidence of His divine mission
must be given.” Ibid.
interesting to note that Jesus did not expect any repentance or conversion on
the part of the corrupt priesthood. They
had gone so far in unbelief that they could not recognize the evidence that
Jesus was the Lamb of God. But the
evidence of His divine mission to cleanse their hearts from sin must be given
to the people one last time.
We may ask
ourselves, “How can such an event as this ever have a parallel in the second
advent movement?” Let’s go back to a
reference we studied earlier concerning the first parallel.
began His public ministry, He cleansed the temple from its sacrilegious
profanation. Almost the last act of His
ministry was to cleanse the temple again.
So in the last work for the warning of the world, two distinct calls are
made to the churches; the second angel’s message [Revelation 14:8], and the
voice heard in heaven, ‘Come out of her, my people, . . .
for her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her
5.]” Ellen G. White 1888
Materials, vol. 2, 725, 726.
statement is recorded in the December 6, 1892, issue of the Review and Herald: “When Jesus
began His public ministry, He cleansed the temple from its sacrilegious
profanation. Among the last acts of His
ministry was the second cleansing of the temple. So in the last work for the warning of the
world, two distinct calls are made to the churches. The second angel’s message is, ‘Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she
made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.’ [Revelation 14:8.] And in the loud cry of the third angel’s
message, a voice is heard from heaven, ‘Come out of her, my people, that ye be
not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and
God hath remembered her iniquities.’ [Revelation 18:4, 5.]”
Two Distinct Calls
In these two references, we are told that
“two distinct calls” are made to the churches in the second
advent movement and that they are parallel to the two cleansings of the
1 is the second angel’s message—Revelation 14:8.
2 was given in the summer and fall of 1844.
3 was given because the churches rejected
the first angel’s message.
4 is a parallel to the first cleansing of the temple.
the message of Revelation 18:1–5.
2 is still future.
3 will be given because the churches reject the third angel’s
4 is parallel to the second cleansing of the
summary of the first advent movement is given in the following reference: “At the
beginning of His ministry, Christ had driven from the temple those who defiled
it by their unholy traffic . . . . At the close of His mission He came again to
the temple, and found it still desecrated as before. The condition of things was even worse than
before.” The Desire
of Ages, 589.
two solemn parallel statements that summarize the condition of the churches at
the end of the second advent movement:
scripture [Revelation 18:1, 2, 4] points forward to a time when the announcement of the
fall of Babylon, as made by the second angel of Revelation 14 (verse 8), is to be repeated,
with the additional mention of the corruptions which have been entering the
various organizations that constitute Babylon, since that message was first given,
in the summer of 1844.” The Great Controversy, 603.
we are given a picture of churches that are getting worse, during the time of
the third angel’s message, even with the abundant availability of the Bible and
Spirit of Prophecy.
condition of the religious world is here described. With every rejection of truth the minds of
the people will become darker, their hearts more stubborn, until they are
entrenched in an infidel hardihood. In
defiance of the warnings which God has given, they will continue to trample
upon one of the precepts of the Decalogue . . . . Christ is set at nought
in the contempt placed upon His word and His people.” Ibid.
We see that
as Jesus was unable to prevent the church from worsening, while He ministered
to them, so the great proliferation of the Scriptures and the Spirit of
Prophecy is unable to prevent the church in the second advent
movement from following the same path as the first advent church. Just as the priests and elders set about to
kill Jesus when He cleansed the temple the second time, so in the second advent
movement, Christ is set at nought in the contempt
placed upon His Word by the ministers and people.
The Second Distinct Call
The next few statements are very clear as to
the time when the second cleansing of the churches will take place in the second advent movement.
This is called the “second distinct call.” We find eight more phrases in the Spirit of
Prophecy that refer to this event. Four
of these are found in this next reference.
has a people in Babylon; and before the visitation of His judgments these
faithful ones must be called out . . . . Hence the movement symbolized by the angel
coming down from heaven, lightening the earth with his glory and crying mightily
with a strong voice, announcing the sins of Babylon. In connection with his message the call is
heard: ‘Come out of her, My people.’ These announcements, uniting with the third
angel’s message, constitute the final warning to be given
to the inhabitants of the earth.” Ibid., 604.
announcements that unite with the third angel’s message are referred to in a
later reference as “the loud cry of the third angel.”
“Revelation 18 points to the time
when, as the result of rejecting the threefold warning of Revelation 14:6–12, the church
will have fully reached the condition foretold by the second angel, and the
people of God still in Babylon will be called upon to separate from her
communion. This message is the last that
will ever be given to the world.” Ibid., 390.
Just as Jesus
cleansed the temple a second time to remind the people that it was His work to
remove sin from the heart, so the final call to come out of Babylon and to separate from her sins is the last message
that will ever be given to the world.
rain is to fall upon the people of God.
A mighty angel is to come down from heaven, and the whole earth is to be
lightened with his glory.” Review and
Herald, April 21, 1891.
reference, we see that the latter rain is during the time when the mighty angel
of Revelation 18:1,
2 comes down from
heaven and the time when the second cleansing takes place. Two more phrases are used in this next
“I asked what
had made this great change. An angel
answered, ‘It is the latter rain, the refreshing from the presence of the Lord,
the loud cry of the third angel.’ ” Early Writings, 271.
We find one
more descriptive phrase in the following reference.
commencement of that time of trouble,’ here mentioned, does not refer to the
time when the plagues shall begin to be poured out, but to a short period just
before they are poured out, while Christ is in the sanctuary. . . . At that time the ‘latter rain,’ or refreshing
from the presence of the Lord, will come, to give power to the loud voice of
the third angel.” Ibid.,
statement reveals that this short time of trouble is associated with the latter
rain that occurs just before probation closes.
This short time of trouble intensifies into the time of trouble when the
plagues are being poured out following the close of probation.
Time Period of Second Cleansing
We see, now, that there are nine terms that
all apply to the time period of the second cleansing of the churches just
before probation closes. Let’s review them.
1 The second “distinct call.”
angel coming down from heaven.
3 The call to “Come out of her, My people.”
5 The last message to the world.
6 The latter rain.
7 The refreshing from the presence of the Lord.
8 The loud cry of the third angel.
9 A short
time of trouble.
I am not
aware of another event leading up to the close of probation that receives as
much attention in the Spirit of Prophecy as the warning to the world of the
second cleansing of the second advent churches.
already seen that these nine phrases refer to the time just before the close of
probation, and accordingly, they have been placed in that position on the time
line. Notice that this fourth parallel
is the last event before the close of probation.
The references in the Ellen G. White 1888
Materials and the Review and Herald of December 6, 1892, both say that the two distinct calls are the last work
for the warning of the world. At the
time of the second cleansing of the churches, that is, during the latter rain,
there are only two groups left in the world—the faithful people of God and all
the rest who have rejected God’s grace.
When the latter rain begins, denominational distinctions such as Protestants,
Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists or independent Seventh-day Adventists become
meaningless. These two groups are
clearly defined in the following references.
“Servants of God . . . will hasten from place to place to
proclaim the message from heaven. By
thousands of voices, all over the earth, the warning will be given.
. . . Satan also works with
lying wonders, even bringing down fire from heaven in the sight of men. Revelation 13:13. Thus the
inhabitants of the earth will be brought to take their stand.” The Great Controversy,
will be tested. Obedience or
disobedience is the question to be decided by the whole world. All will be called to choose between the law
of God and laws of men. Here the
dividing line will be drawn. There will
be but two classes. Every character will
be fully developed; and all will show whether they have chosen the side of
loyalty or that of rebellion.” The Desire of Ages, 763.
will be the great test of loyalty, for it is the point of truth especially controverted. When
the final test shall be brought to bear upon men, then the line of
distinction will be drawn between those who serve God and those who serve Him
not.” The Great
will be the great test of loyalty. It
will be the point of truth that will draw the line of distinction between these
two groups shown on the chart. This is
the period of time in which the second cleansing of the churches takes
nine terms that apply to this same time period.
One of the phrases used was the call to “Come out of her [Babylon], My people.” Revelation 18:4. From this, we
know that the disobedient group is also called Babylon.
The Laodicean Church
There remains a group of people who do not
fit into either of these two groups; that is, they do not fit with the obedient
people of God nor are they called Babylon. The Bible and Spirit of Prophecy identify
them as the Laodicean church.
“I was shown
that the testimony to the Laodiceans applies to God’s
people at the present time, and the reason it has not accomplished a greater
work is because of the hardness of their hearts. . . . The heart must be purified from sins which
have so long shut out Jesus.” Testimonies, vol. 1,
We need to
understand that Laodiceans are Seventh-day Adventists
who have rejected the Bible and Spirit of Prophecy counsel to put away sin and
come into unity with Christ during the time of the second and third parallels
in the second advent movement. The third parallel is still being acted out
at the present time. These Laodicean Seventh-day Adventists, because they fail to meet
the conditions, are included with the disobedient group.
Come Out of Babylon
We must realize that the call to come out of
Babylon does not go to Seventh-day
Adventists. There are two reasons:
who have rejected the Bible and Spirit of Prophecy are
not called Babylon; they are called
so the call is not for them.
call goes only to those who have not heard and rejected the Three Angels’
The next two
statements provide some important information concerning this subject.
that was shed upon the waiting ones penetrated everywhere,
and those in the churches who had any light, who had not heard and rejected the
three messages, obeyed the call and left the fallen
churches. . . . Some
chose life and took their stand with those who were looking for their Lord and
keeping all His commandments.” Early Writings, 278.
call to come out of Babylon is for those “who had not heard and rejected” the
Three Angels’ Messages. They now leave
the fallen churches (Babylon) and join with those who are keeping all the
commandments, those who have put away every sin and have received the Holy
Spirit at the beginning of the latter rain.
Put Away Every Sin
We see, in this next reference, a hopeless
situation for those who reject the counsel in the Bible and Spirit of Prophecy
requiring them to put away sin and unite with Christ at the center of the
“The time of
God’s destructive judgments is the time of mercy for those who have no
opportunity to learn what is truth. . . . His hand is still stretched out to save,
while the door is closed to those who would not enter. Large numbers will be admitted who in these
last days hear the truth for the first time.”
Review and Herald, July 5, 1906.
statement makes it clear that the character preparation to receive the
outpouring of the Holy Spirit ends when the latter rain begins for those who
have heard the Three Angels’ Messages.
They have either completed that preparation by accepting and obeying the
instruction in the Bible and Spirit of Prophecy to put away sin and come into
unity, or they have rejected it. If they
are living in obedience to this counsel, they now receive the Holy Spirit and
go forward, calling a people out of Babylon. If they have
rejected this counsel, they remain as Laodiceans, and
their probation is now closed. We will
study the instruction concerning this preparation in greater detail in the next
of God, do you want to be among the “servants of God” during this final
warning? Then we must obey the
instructions of the early rain character preparation that we might receive the
Holy Spirit when the latter rain begins.
It is impossible to be a “servant of God” during the latter rain and
still have one sin remaining in the life.
You cannot call people out of sin if you are in sin yourself. We must put away every sin now. Then we can be among the servants of God who
hasten from place to place to give the final warning.
God has given
us clear instruction as to what we must do to prepare our hearts for the final
outpouring of His Spirit. In our next
study, we will review God’s instruction in reference to the early rain
character preparation that is needed if we would receive the latter rain.
To be continued . . .
Maurice Hoppe is Director of Revelation Ministry, which is dedicated to
helping people prepare for the soon coming of Jesus. His special emphasis is
the closing scenes of this earth’s history, the parallels between the first and
second advents, and the need for unity among the people of God. He may be contacted by e-mail at:
firstname.lastname@example.org, or at: P. O. Box 184,
Days Creek, OR 97429.